What is Vatican II

Known as the Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, but commonly known as the Second Vatican Council or Vatican II. Created by Pope John XXIII on 11 October 1962 and stopped on 8 December 1965 by Pope Paul VI. Still, to this day, it is the most significant event in the modern age of the Catholic Church.

What is it?

It was an ecumenical council of the Catholic church, which entailed a meeting of the bishops to settle matters of the Church’s policies and practices. After reviewing them, the council decided on many dramatic changes to the church’s traditions. Including how the church ceremonies were practised, as well as the use of different languages for the Mass. They also did smaller changes that were less visible but still vital, such as how the church saw itself and their relationship with other faiths. Overall, the council called around 2,000 to 2,500 bishops to discuss the issues, with thousands of observers, auditors, and nuns throughout its procedure. With over nine thousand proposals on the council’s agenda from 1962 to 1965.

The Reasons for it

Catholic Church in Vatican City

Simply put, Vatican II was created to help apply the truths of Christ into modern day life. The 20th century had brought a new way of life for the world’s citizens, with big changes such as World War II and open acceptance to other types of people bringing a new perspective for churchgoers. The Church had many traditional rules and customs that contradicted and was unfitting to modern worshippers. Although the Church stated that they would never depart from the sacred treasure of truth that has been passed down for generations, they did realise the need for change in some areas. Looking to the present to see modern life introduced into the modern world.

Why was it so Important?

Catholic Church

Prior to Vatican II, the church was seen as a fortress, but it changed into an environment of dialogue. They changed the mass to the interactive ceremony, letting churchgoers understand the truths that were uttered. It reshaped the relationships with other members of society, giving respect and dialogue between everyone. Overall it brought people closer to their religion, helping them understand how they could deal with their modern issues with the truths of Christs, as well as to uphold respect which entailed all catholic people respected others and themselves.

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