What government does Vatican city have

Vatican City is famous throughout the world for a heaven of incredible artwork and rich Italian culture, but what people may not know is its governance. It is the smallest independent state city in the entire, despite being surrounded completely by the city of Rome. So how did it become its own country? And who is in charge?  

History of Vatican

Back in historic times a large portion of Italy including Rome as their centre was once controlled by the Papal States, also known as the Republic of Saint Peter, or the Church States. This was until the Kingdom of Italy took over the Papal States, with the majority of the papal territories joining the new kingdom of Italy.  The Pope retreated into Vatican City’s walls, refusing to acknowledge the Kingdom of Italy as a country. Hiding from the new reign while grumbling on how they were confined within the Vatican Walls by the Kingdom of Italy. Instead of forcing him out of the Vatican, Italy assumed they would simply wait until the Pope cracked. However, this dispute lasted sixty years, with numerous Popes accepting this self-imposed captivity. In 1929, the Prime Minister of Italy prosed an agreement. Vatican City could become its own country, controlled by the Pope, in engage it would be neutral to all political disagreements and war.

Government of Vatican

It is known as the Holy See, which translates to the Church having the ‘seat of government’.  It is a monarchy in which the Pope is the ‘king’, with the Pope themselves being voted in by the College of Cardinals. The Pope is in control of executive, legislative, and judicial power over the city, but due to their large expanse of duties, delegation is needed. There are numerous bodies of authorities and senior members that are appointed by the Pope. For example, legislative areas are delegated to the Pontifical Commission for the Vatican State. Executive authority is deputized to the President of this commission who is also named the President of the Governorate of Vatican City.

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