The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

The Roman Empire is an ancient civilisation and one of history’s most legendary empires throughout the ages. It was a powerful civilisation that ruled for nearly a thousand years, controlling a huge portion of Europe.

The Beginning of the Roman Empire

The reign of the Roman empire began in 27 BC with the first Roman emperor, Augustus Caesar. He was known for restoring the republic of Rome and bringing peace to the area, listed as one of the greatest emperors to rule.

The Success of the Roman Empire

The military was one of the key reasons for Rome’s success. The army was highly trained and disciplined, growing in reputation as the best army in the entire world. With the success in war, the empire was able to gain control over a large area, expanding out to three separate continents including Asia, Africa, and most of Europe. In the end, the empire got so big they had to split it into two separate areas, named the east, and the west. With this large amount of area, the newly made Roman citizens were forced to pay tax to their new controllers, ensuring the empire’s wealth to grow as well.

As well as power gained, the Romans were exceptionally advanced in other areas. Including ethical issues, engineering, and technology. Ethical problems were faced with new laws set in place to ensuring morality, such as setting laws that minimised infidelity and improved family life. Roman engineering was very advanced for their time, developing undergrown sewage systems, using cement and concrete to make longstanding buildings, as well as building the best road system the world had ever seen. The technology was no different, with the creation of the Julian calendar, safer surgical tools and procedures, and inventing bound books.

The Downfall of the Roman Empire

There is not one definite reason why this empire fell, but a series of reasons and events that triggered the collapse. With the military, finance, religion, and power struggle all contributing factors. The empire was used in having a strong and capable military, but its decline in success resulted in less land, and more vulnerability. Looting and slavery was also a key factor that supported the empire, with Rome’s economy relying on salves. With the new laws banning slavery, an increase in unemployment and government distributions arose. The slow rise of the new religion Christianity also caused a leading factor. The old religion saw the emperor as a god, with many never disagreeing due to their power. However, Christianity did not agree with this, which caused more and more people to lose respect for the emperor and empire. Government corruption, political dispute, and power struggle all weakened the empire. The continuous death and replacement of the emperor caused haphazard leading, with a continuous conflict between the Emperor and the Senate. Although these issues on their own could have been resolved, all events taking place at similar times cause the empire to slowly crumble until it was overtaken but the new Rome.

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